Letters

Pum Mvhayv Toyetskat: Creek Letters to Ann Eliza Worcester Robertson, 1878-1905. Translated by Margaret McKane Mauldin, edited by Jack B. Martin.

The following letters were written in the Muskogee (Creek) language of present-day Oklahoma and addressed to Ann Eliza Worcester Robertson, a missionary to the Muscogee (Creek) Nation. The bulk of the letters in the collection are from the University of Tulsa’s McFarlin Library, where they form part of the Alice Robertson Collection.

We are grateful to the McFarlin Library at the University of Tulsa for allowing us to use their collection for this project, Lori Curtis for encouraging this collaboration, and Gina Minks for scanning the documents in the collection. The translation and editing of these letters were supported by the National Endowment for the Humanities (RT-21566-94), the College of William and Mary, and the National Science Foundation (SBR-9809819).

1878. John R. Postoak letter to A. E. W. Robertson, December 11. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 22, Creek ms. 2, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Typescript | Analysis

1878. John R. Postoak letter to A. E. W. Robertson, December 18. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 22, Creek ms. 3, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Typescript | Analysis | Note

1880. W. A. Palmer letter to A. E. W. Robertson, May 8. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 20, Creek ms. 7, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Typescript | Analysis

1880. Halpata Mekko letter to A. E. W. Robertson, May 12. W. Tanyan, secretary. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 27, Creek ms. 4, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Typescript | Analysis

1880. W. A. Palmer letter to A. E. W. Robertson, June 10. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 20, Creek ms. 5, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Typescript | Analysis

1880. John C. Carr letter to A. E. W. Robertson, June 11. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 4, Creek ms. 6, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Typescript | Analysis

1883. Wesley Smith letter to A. E. W. Robertson, June 5. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 26, Creek ms. 12, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Typescript | Analysis

1883. Waksuce Tanyvn [Tanyan] letter to A. E. W. Robertson, July 28. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 27, Creek ms. 10, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Typescript | Analysis

1883. Kenekehe letter to A. E. W. Robertson, September 26. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 16, Creek ms. 9, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Typescript | Analysis

1883. W. Tanyan letter to A. E. W. Robertson, November 20. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 27, Creek ms. 8, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Typescript | Analysis

1884. W. Tanyan letter to A. E. W. Robertson, September 11. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 27, Creek ms. 11, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Typescript | Analysis

1885. Ceme [Jimmy] Lanne letter to A. E. W. Robertson, February 15. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 19, Creek ms. 13, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1886. Wilson Williams letter to A. E. W. Robertson, February 7. Moore, Augusta Robertson collector, Letters in the Creek language, Letters received, 1888-1906, Records of the Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution National Anthropological Archives.

1886. W. Tanyan letter to A. E. W. Robertson, March 5. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 27, Creek ms. 15, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1886. Georg[e] Cornelius letter to A. E. W. Robertson, March 21. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 6, Creek ms. 16, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa.Image | Analysis

1886. Wesley Smith letter to A. E. W. Robertson, July 8. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 26, Creek ms. 19, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1886. Wesley Smith letter to A. E. W. Robertson, August 3. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 26, Creek ms. 17, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1886. Thomas West letter to A. E. W. Robertson, October 1. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 32, Creek ms. 14, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1886. Efv Emartha letter to A. E. W. Robertson, November 20. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 8, Creek ms. 18, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1890. Hotvlk Emvrthle letter to A. E. W. Robertson, June 29. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 12, Creek ms. 20, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1892. Cane Cumpuh [John Jumper] letter to A. E. W. Robertson, March 20. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 15, Creek ms. 21, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1898. W. Tanyan letter to A. E. W. Robertson, November 26. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 27, Creek ms. 23, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1899. W. Tanyan letter to A. E. W. Robertson, March 23. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 27, Creek ms. 25, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1899. W. Tanyan letter to A. E. W. Robertson, June 5. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 27, Creek ms. 24, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1901. Tupper Dunn letter to A. E. W. Robertson, January 28. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 7, Creek ms. 28, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1901. W. Tanyan letter to A. E. W. Robertson, May 20. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 27, Creek ms. 27, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1901. M. L. Asburry letter to A. E. W. Robertson, May 21. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 2, Creek ms. 30, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image| Analysis

1901. Thomas West letter to A. E. W. Robertson, June 20. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 32, Creek ms. 29, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1901. Jimsey Harjo letter to A. E. W. Robertson, October 31. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 11, Creek ms. 26, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1901. Jimsey Harjo letter to A. E. W. Robertson, November 9. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 11, Creek ms. 31, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1902. Silas Johnson letter to A. E. W. Robertson, July 12. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 14, Creek ms. 32, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1902. W. M. Jimboy letter to A. E. W. Robertson, August 11. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 13, Creek ms. 34, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1902. Waxie Tanyan letter to A. E. W. Robertson, October 31. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 27, Creek ms. 35, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1902. Silas Johnson letter to A. E. W. Robertson, November 1. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 14, Creek ms. 33, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1903. Alex Thompson letter to A. E. W. Robertson, January 20. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 28, Creek ms. 40, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis | Note

1903. D. Foster letter to A. E. W. Robertson, February 14. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 9, Creek ms. 39, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1903. Thomas Little letter to A. E. W. Robertson, February 26. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 18, Creek ms. 41, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1903. M. L. Asbur[r]y letter to A. E. W. Robertson, February 27. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 2, Creek ms. 36, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1903. Silas Johnson letter to A. E. W. Robertson, March 4. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 14, Creek ms. 37, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1903. David Foster letters (2) to A. E. W. Robertson, May 15. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 9, Creek ms. 38, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1904. M. L. Asburry letter to A. E. W. Robertson, January 13. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 2, Creek ms. 42, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1904. W. Tanyan letter to A. E. W. Robertson, February 6. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 27, Creek ms. 44, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1904. W. Tanyan letter to A. E. W. Robertson, October 7. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 27, Creek ms. 43, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1905. M. L. Asburry letter to A. E. W. Robertson, July 15. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 2, Creek ms. 45, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1905. M. L. Asburry letter to A. E. W. Robertson, September 8. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 2, Creek ms. 47, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1905. Thomas Tiger letter to A. E. W. Robertson, September 8. Alice Robertson Collection, Series 1, Box 7, folder 30, Creek ms. 46, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. Image | Analysis

1905. Johnson Tiger letter to A. E. W. Robertson. Smithsonian Institution National Anthropological Archives. BAE Incoming Correspondence, 1888-1906. Moore, Augusta Robertson collector, Letters in the Creek language, Letters received, 1888-1906, Records of the Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution National Anthropological Archives. Note

1905. M. L. Asburry letter to A. E. W. Robertson. Smithsonian Institution National Anthropological Archives. BAE Incoming Correspondence, 1888-1906. Moore, Augusta Robertson collector, Letters in the Creek language, Letters received, 1888-1906, Records of the Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution National Anthropological Archives.

1905. Silas Johnson letter to A. E. W. Robertson. Smithsonian Institution National Anthropological Archives. BAE Incoming Correspondence, 1888-1906. Moore, Augusta Robertson collector, Letters in the Creek language, Letters received, 1888-1906, Records of the Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution National Anthropological Archives.